What is Barrett’s esophagus?
Barrett’s esophagus is a condition in which the lining of the esophagus changes over time as a result of chronic reflux. This new lining carries an increased risk of progression to esophageal cancer.
Does Barrett’s esophagus cause any symptoms?
Barrett’s esophagus in and of itself does not cause symptoms. Reflux however can cause several symptoms including heartburn, regurgitation, difficulty swallowing, chest pain, cough or hoarseness. Some patients can have reflux and not have any significant symptoms.
How is Barrett’s esophagus diagnosed?
The diagnosis of Barrett’s esophagus is made by obtaining a biopsy or sample of lining of the esophagus during an upper endoscopy. The sample is evaluated by a pathologist using a microscope to assess for changes in the lining. This not only allows the pathologist to establish the diagnosis of Barrett’s but also to assess for any changes towards cancer known as dysplasia.
What are the treatment options for Barrett’s esophagus?
The treatment options for Barrett’s depend on several factors including the extent of lining in the esophagus that is involved, the presence or absence of dysplasia on the biopsies and also whether or not the Barrett’s mucosa is smooth or bumpy or if an early cancer is detected.
Medical treatment involves taking pills to reduce the production of acid.
Fortunately there are treatment techniques that can be administered using a scope to eradicate Barrett’s and restore normal lining of the esophagus. These include a heat therapy known as radiofrequency ablation and also techniques to remove the abnormal lining known as endoscopic mucosal resection or endoscopic submucosal dissection.
Who should treat Barrett’s esophagus?
Treatment of Barrett’s esophagus should ideally be performed by a physician that is experienced in radiofrequency ablation, endoscopic mucosal resection and endoscopic submucosal dissection. Both Drs. Pitea and Mounzer have extensive experience in all of these techniques and can therefore offer you comprehensive treatment for Barrett’s esophagus.